The legal responsibility of the boiler owner would be as mentioned in boiler regulation or local code. The owner of the boiler and pressure equipment are responsible and accountable for its safety. Accidents involving pressure equipment can cause injury, death, and severe property damage. The owner must ensure that the pressure equipment is designed, constructed, installed, operated, maintained, and decommissioned in a manner that prevents unintentional release of stored energy, injury to people, and damage to equipment.
Basic responsibility that may apply to all owners of pressure equipment includes:
Regarding boiler registration:
1. Ensure the boiler design (drawings, specifications, and other required information) has been registered and approved by the office of the Chief Inspector of Boiler and has been issued a boiler registration certificate before it is placed into service (unless the item is specifically exempt from this requirement).
[If the boiler is locally made, only buy it from a certified manufacturer. If it is imported from abroad, prior to importing pressure equipment, submit design information to the office of the chief inspector of boiler, to avoid any difficulties that may arise during registration.]
2. Ensure the operation permit remains valid throughout the service life of the equipment.
3. The owner of a boiler is required to notify the Authority if a boiler is bought, moved, sold, or when a boiler or pressure vessel is moved into or out of service.
4. If a prohibition order is received from the Authority for any fault, upon receipt of a prohibition order, the owner must stop using the boiler or pressure vessel concerned immediately and rectify the faults for which the prohibition order is issued.
5. Any boiler or steam receiver which has been removed either to a new premises or to another part of the same premises or a maintenance work has been done, must be inspected and a new Certificate of Fitness should be issued before it is put into use again.
Regarding boiler operation
6. The owner should engage certified personnel to operate the equipment as required under the regulations. The owner shall ensure that the operator(s) is properly and sufficiently trained in the proper functioning and operation of the plant and/or system equipment they are responsible to operate.
7. The owner should ensure a log book on boiler operation is maintained. Log book should include the following information:
7.1. Alterations and/or maintenance/services performed on the boiler are documented and retained for the life of the boiler.
7.2. Maintenance history of the equipment and devices; and
7.3. Documentation of operational checks, maintenance, repair, tests and service logs.
8. The operational and maintenance checks and the frequency of these checks shall, at a minimum, be determined and in accordance with the specifications established by the manufacturer of the equipment and/or device.
Regarding boiler maintenance
9. Owners of boilers are advised to consult a relevant engineer before installing their equipment.
10. The owner shall verify that the electrical components, controls and safety devices are, at a minimum, properly tested and maintained in accordance with the specifications of the original equipment manufacturer and these regulations.
11. It is the duty of the owner to properly maintain his boiler and to cause the equipment to be examined at appropriate intervals. Good maintenance will increase reliability and life of the equipment. Owners are advised to consult a relevant engineer for proper maintenance schemes including periodic examinations.
12. The quality of repair work carried out on a boiler, pressure vessel or steam container contributes to its safe operation. In many cases improper repair work carried out by personnel without suitable supervision had resulted in injuries. Owners are strongly advised to consult a boiler inspector when selecting a suitable contractor and to supervise the repair work.
13. Whenever repair is required on the pressure part of a boiler or pressure vessel, the owner should seek advice from a boiler inspector. If it is an extensive repair, the boiler or pressure vessel is required to be re-examined after the extensive repair and a new Certificate of Fitness shall be issued in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Ordinance.
14. Ensure that organizations who construct, repair, or alter pressure equipment, or who service pressure relief valves, has a valid permit from the office of the Chief Inspector of Boiler.
15. Ensure the pressure relief valves and other protective devices are maintained in good working condition.
16. Having an effective periodic inspection program that includes having their equipment inspected periodically by a Boiler Inspector.
17. Report any accident or unsafe condition involving pressure equipment, as required by legislation.
If you have questions regarding pressure equipment safety or regulatory compliance, contact your nearest office of the boiler inspector.